Deep studying accelerators equivalent to GPUs, FPGAs, and more lately TPUs. An inspiring summer season college on computing on the University of Pennsylvania┬┤s Moore School of Electrical Engineering stimulates development of saved-program computer systems at universities and analysis establishments in the US, France, the UK, and Germany. Among the many lecturers have been early computer designers like John von Neumann, Howard Aiken, J. Presper Eckert and John Mauchly, in addition to mathematicians together with Derrick Lehmer, George Stibitz, and Douglas Hartree. Students included future computing pioneers similar to Maurice Wilkes, Claude Shannon, David Rees, and Jay Forrester. This free, public set of lectures inspired the EDSAC, BINAC, and, later, IAS machine clones like the AVIDAC.